What comprises the ideology of Mahatma Gandhi?
Gandhi introduced to the world the concepts of ahimsa (nonviolence) and satyagraha (peaceful civil disobedience). Gandhi did not invent nonviolence or peaceful civil disobedience. He drew on a variety of sources for his philosophy, including the Bhagavad Gita and writers such as Henry David Thoreau and Leo Tolstoy.
But he was perhaps the first person in history to apply these principles to a large political movement, bringing the supposedly invincible British Empire to its knees by his success. These principles, plus his constant strivings for religious harmony, social justice and eternal truth, raised the consciousness of millions of Indians.
When Gandhi went on a fast in 1947 in Calcutta to stop deadly riots in the city between Hindus and Muslims, the killings actually stopped. It was a tribute to the man who consistently stood for religious tolerance. British historian E.W.R. Lumby has called this fast “perhaps the greatest (miracle) of modern times”. Martin Luther King Jr. was among Gandhi's biggest disciples. King stated that while Jesus gave him his message, Gandhi showed him the method.
Why is Gandhi revered around the world?
He loved people: Even as he asked for Indians to boycott British clothes, he took it upon himself to visit the mills in Manchester to apologize to the workers. In an interesting twist, the British weavers celebrated his presence, and cheered the boycott.
Ideas that can move the world: Gandhi's ideas have appealed to the greatest minds of the world, including Charlie Chaplin, Bernard Shaw, Albert Einstein, Martin Luther King (Jr), Steve Jobs and Barrack Obama. Got his hands dirty: Gandhi made people manufacture salt in the coastal areas to curb British monopoly. He made them knit their own clothes. His way of protesting involved a lot of ‘doing it ourselves’. Gandhi was living out the words of Rabindranath Tagore: “to walk alone, even if nobody listens to your call.”.
When, as per Gandhi, can a person follow non-violence?
For Gandhi, non-violence was not a means to an end, not a technique to be followed, but a way of life. He believed that non-violence required greater courage than violence. Gandhi took the religious principle of ahimsa (doing no harm) common to Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism and turned it into a non-violent tool for mass action.
He used it to fight not only colonial rule but social evils such as racial discrimination and untouchability as well. Gandhi called it "satyagraha" which means 'truth force.' In this doctrine the aim of any non-violent conflict was to convert the opponent; to win over his mind and his heart and pursuade him to your point of view. Gandhi was firm that satyagraha was not a weapon of the weak - "Satyagraha is a weapon of the strong; it admits of no violence under any circumstance whatever; and it always insists upon truth." You will not find Gandhi in any video shot on August 15th 1947, because he was urging for peace between the religious groups in Bengal, which was seeing brutal riots. Gandhi believed in ahimsa. He practiced it too – till his death.
Where was Gandhi assassinated?
The tragedy occurred in New Delhi as the gaunt old man walked to a prayer-meeting. In one of history's great ironies - a life-long pacifist and promoter of non-violence was struck down by an assassin's bullet.
Nathuram Vinayak Godse shot Gandhi during an evening prayer ceremony at Birla House in Delhi. Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru announced to the world the “light has gone out of our lives”. "Just an old man in a loincloth in distant India: Yet when he died, humanity wept," a newspaper remarked on his death.
The City of Choice
capital and second-largest city in Kwazulu Natal province South Africa, regarded as the birthplace of legends.
“Once upon a time, 125 years ago on a chilly winters’ night on Wed 7 June 1893 a young man was thrown off the train at Pietermaritzburg Station - the Birthplace of Satyagraha”
- Pietermaritzburg railway station - main railway station in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.
- Historically, the station is famous as being the place where Mahatma Gandhi was thrown off a train for riding first class in 1893.
- Old Prison (Project Gateway): View Kastuba Gandhi’s exhibition and her prison cell.
- Pietermaritzburg's City Hall claims to be the largest brick building in the southern hemisphere, located in the middle of Pietermaritzburg city centre.
- Impressive and spectacular, with its 47m high tower, built from 1893-1900, this building holds the global record as the largest brick building in existence, but, perhaps more important, is that this impressive red-brick building is equally beautiful.
- Gandhi statue - Unveiled 1993 by Archbishop Desmond Tutu marking the centenary since Gandhi was thrown from the train.
- Also at the function was Nelson Mandela, his first official public attendance after his release from prison.
- Opposite the old colonial buildings on Church Street in Pietermaritzburg stands the statue of Gandhi, whose notorious ejection from a train shaped his unique version of non-violent resistance, known as ‘Satyagraha’ or passive resistance.
- In this bronze statue he is depicted in his traditional dhoti, staff in hand whilst the other hand reaches out in peace, the statue a commemoration of the centenary of his enforced removal in 1893 from the train because he was a man of colour in first class, who politely refused to move to third class.
- Gandhi Statue PMB is listed #1 of 15 Gandhi Statues around the world.
- A total of 129 Gandhi Statues around the world (outside India) are testament to a legend and the direct result of one night, 125 years ago, that changed history.
- Nelson Mandela Capture Site: Sculpture at Nelson Mandela Capture Site comprises 50 steel columns, between 6 and 9.5m in height, covering a width of almost 30 metres. Cut by laser to form an image of former president when viewed at the correct angle